Natural Remedies

Crocin potentiates the suppressive results of sorafenib on tumor development.


Cancers (Basel). 2023 Aug 11 ;15(16). Epub 2023 Aug 11. PMID: 37627094

Summary Title: 

Combining Crocin and Sorafenib Improves Their Tumor-Inhibiting Results in a Rat Mannequin of Diethylnitrosamine-Induced Cirrhotic-Hepatocellular Carcinoma.


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the most aggressive malignancies, with constantly rising instances and fatalities. Prognosis typically happens within the superior levels, confining sufferers to systemic therapies akin to sorafenib. Sorafenib (SB), a multi-kinase inhibitor, has not but demonstrated adequate efficacy towards superior HCC. There’s a sturdy argument in favor of learning its use together with different drugs to optimize the therapeutic outcomes. In accordance with our earlier work, crocin (CR), a key bioactive element of saffron, hinders HCC improvement and liver most cancers stemness. On this research, we investigated the therapeutic use of CR or its mixture with SB in a cirrhotic rat mannequin of HCC and evaluated how successfully SB and CR inhibited tumor development on this mannequin. Diethylnitrosamine (DEN) was administered intraperitoneally to rats as soon as per week for 15 weeks, resulting in cirrhosis, after which 19 weeks later, resulting in multifocal HCC. After 16 weeks of most cancers induction, CR (200 mg/kg each day) and SB (10 mg/kg each day) got orally to rats for 3 weeks, both individually or together. Constantly, the mix therapy significantly decreased the incidence of dyschromatic nodules, nodule multiplicity, and dysplastic nodules when in comparison with the HCC group of single therapies. Mixed remedy additionally induced the best diploma of apoptosis, together with decreased proliferating andβ-catenin ranges within the tumor tissues. Moreover, when rats acquired mixed remedy with CR, it confirmed anti-inflammatory traits the place nuclear issue kappa B (NF-κB) and cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) have been significantly and additively lowered. In consequence, CR potentiates the suppressive results of SB on tumor development and offers the chance to strengthen the therapeutic results of SB within the therapy of HCC.

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